Imputes univariate missing data using classification and regression trees.

Usage

mice.impute.cart(y, ry, x, wy = NULL, minbucket = 5, cp = 1e-04, ...)

Arguments

y

Vector to be imputed

ry

Logical vector of length length(y) indicating the the subset y[ry] of elements in y to which the imputation model is fitted. The ry generally distinguishes the observed (TRUE) and missing values (FALSE) in y.

x

Numeric design matrix with length(y) rows with predictors for y. Matrix x may have no missing values.

wy

Logical vector of length length(y). A TRUE value indicates locations in y for which imputations are created.

minbucket

The minimum number of observations in any terminal node used. See rpart.control for details.

cp

Complexity parameter. Any split that does not decrease the overall lack of fit by a factor of cp is not attempted. See rpart.control for details.

...

Other named arguments passed down to rpart().

Value

Vector with imputed data, same type as y, and of length sum(wy)

Numeric vector of length sum(!ry) with imputations

Details

Imputation of y by classification and regression trees. The procedure is as follows:

1. Fit a classification or regression tree by recursive partitioning;

2. For each ymis, find the terminal node they end up according to the fitted tree;

3. Make a random draw among the member in the node, and take the observed value from that draw as the imputation.

References

Doove, L.L., van Buuren, S., Dusseldorp, E. (2014), Recursive partitioning for missing data imputation in the presence of interaction Effects. Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, 72, 92-104.

Breiman, L., Friedman, J. H., Olshen, R. A., and Stone, C. J. (1984), Classification and regression trees, Monterey, CA: Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole Advanced Books & Software.

Van Buuren, S. (2018). Flexible Imputation of Missing Data. Second Edition. Chapman & Hall/CRC. Boca Raton, FL.

mice, mice.impute.rf, rpart, rpart.control

Other univariate imputation functions: mice.impute.lasso.logreg(), mice.impute.lasso.norm(), mice.impute.lasso.select.logreg(), mice.impute.lasso.select.norm(), mice.impute.lda(), mice.impute.logreg.boot(), mice.impute.logreg(), mice.impute.mean(), mice.impute.midastouch(), mice.impute.mnar.logreg(), mice.impute.mpmm(), mice.impute.norm.boot(), mice.impute.norm.nob(), mice.impute.norm.predict(), mice.impute.norm(), mice.impute.pmm(), mice.impute.polr(), mice.impute.polyreg(), mice.impute.quadratic(), mice.impute.rf(), mice.impute.ri()

Author

Lisa Doove, Stef van Buuren, Elise Dusseldorp, 2012

Examples

imp <- mice(nhanes2, meth = "cart", minbucket = 4)
#>
#>  iter imp variable
#>   1   1  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   1   2  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   1   3  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   1   4  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   1   5  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   2   1  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   2   2  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   2   3  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   2   4  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   2   5  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   3   1  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   3   2  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   3   3  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   3   4  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   3   5  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   4   1  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   4   2  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   4   3  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   4   4  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   4   5  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   5   1  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   5   2  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   5   3  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   5   4  bmi  hyp  chl
#>   5   5  bmi  hyp  chl
plot(imp)